tiến lên miền nam miễn phí(www.84vng.com):中英社评/发掘爱国故事 做好爱国主义教育

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  第九批88位在韩中国人民志愿军烈士遗骸昨日从韩国空运回国,国家举行隆重的迎回仪式。两位香港培侨中学的学生代表培侨,迎接英雄回家。他们在接受大公报记者采访时表示:「这是最好的爱国教育,一定要继承先烈精神,以报国为己任。」其实在香港,在我们身边,不乏港人爱国的英雄事迹,需要尽快发掘整理存档,因为这是最实在、最生动的国情教育素材。

  七十多年前,数十万中国人民志愿军为保家卫国,雄赳赳、气昂昂,跨过鸭绿江。香港培侨中学有六十多名学生回国报效国家,其中二十多人参军奔赴前线,最年轻的只有十五岁。他们抱着必死的信念,奋战在不同的岗位,有的充当汽车兵,有的成为政治教员,有的工作在志愿军总司令彭德怀身边。

  岁月流转,大部分老兵已经故去,活到今天的也是耄耋之年。由于他们不愿出名,加上港英时期政治打压,培侨学生参加抗美援朝这一段英雄壮举几乎湮没无闻。直至两年前,大公报访问培侨老兵,拨开了历史烟尘,引起各方重视。国家从没有忘记为国牺牲的英雄,因此有了今次培侨学生应邀参加迎回志愿军遗骸的一幕。

  培侨生参加迎回仪式,这是培侨的光荣,也是香港的光荣。培侨中学对此高度重视,希望进一步发掘整理有关资料,用来教育下一代的培侨生,令爱国精神代代相传。教育局非常重视有关报道,希望将之整理为国情教育的素材。培侨老兵则殷切期盼今日的香港青年能继承先辈的爱国传统,投身祖国建设事业中,以自己之所长,贡献国家之所需,在此过程中实现自身价值。

  培侨学生回国参战是港人贡献国家的冰山一角。在中华民族伟大复兴进程中,香港同胞从未缺席。香港同胞始终和祖国风雨同舟,血脉相连。一九四一年日军侵占香港,港英政府屈辱投降,但共产党领导的东江纵队继续活跃在港九各地,写下许多可歌可泣的感人故事。

  同样鲜为人知的是,香港曾有一所达德学院,成立于一九四六年,爱国人士蔡廷锴借出其在屯门的新墅「芳园」作为校舍。当时由于政局动荡,中共将一批知识分子由战乱之地转移至较为和平的香港安顿。这批逃难的人都是俊彦精英,包括教授、作家、记者和理论家们。到了一九四九年,港英政府眼见新中国即将成立,由包容变为镇压,下令关闭达德学院。如今,这里已是一所中学,师生们日日从那些饱经历史沧桑的红砖建筑旁经过,但未必了解这栋被称为「红楼」的建筑物,曾经是中共培养人才的重地,留下许多爱国故事。

  多年前特区政府开办国情教育课时,一些学校抱怨没有好的教材,也没有实物,希望教育局提供。其实,香港不是缺少这方面素材,而是擦肩而过而不觉,时代久远而湮没。亦因此,教育局和有关部门要立即行动起来,趁一些当事人还在,做好口述历史及资料收集工作。一些有历史价值的建筑物,应该尽快修缮及保育。

  郁达夫在纪念鲁迅时说过,「一个没有英雄的民族是不幸的,一个有英雄却不知敬重爱惜的民族是无可救药的。」香港的爱国英雄层出不穷,他们值得我们敬重爱惜。要讲好中国故事,首先就是讲好爱国故事,讲好发生在我们身边的平凡人的爱国故事。

  2022-09-17 

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  Discovering stories of patriotism to help do a good job on patriotic education

  As the ninth en masse repatriation, the remains of 88 martyrs of the Chinese People's Volunteer Army (PVA) returned home yesterday by air from South Korea, and were greeted with a solemn welcome home ceremony held by the state. Two students from Hong Kong's Pui Kiu Middle School were there to welcome home the heroes on behalf of their school. In an interview with Ta Kung Pao, they said: "this is the best patriotic education lesson. We must carry on the martyrs' spirits to take the responsibility of serving our country upon ourselves." As a matter of fact, in Hong Kong and around us, there is no lack of heroic deeds of Hong Kong people loving the Motherland, which must be discovered, sorted and archived as quickly as possible. For, these are the most realistic and lively material for national education. 

  Seven decades or so ago, in order to protect our homes and defend our country, hundreds of thousands of the PVA soldiers gallantly and spiritedly crossed the Yalu River. More than 60 Pui Kiu students returned to serve the Motherland. Over 20 of them joined the army and made their way to the front and the youngest among them was only 15 years old. With the dare-to-die courage, they fought bravely in different posts. Some of them acted as automobile soldiers, some became political teachers, and still some worked around Peng Dehuai, the PVA's Commander in Chief.

  As time goes by , the majority of the veteran soldiers have already passed away and those who are still alive today are of senile age. Because they did not want their names to be known, plus the political suppression under the British colonial rule in Hong Kong, the heroic deeds of Pui Kui students joining the War to Resist U.S. Aggression and Aid Korea had almost fallen into oblivion. Until two years ago when Ta Kung Pao interviewed some veteran Pui Kiu soldiers to shake the dust off this historical episode and arouse attention from various sectors. Our country never forgets heroes who sacrificed themselves for the Motherland. Hence this time some Pui Kiu students were invited to participate in the ceremony to welcome home the remains of the PVA martyrs.

  It is Pui Kui's honour to have its students participating in the ceremony, which is also an honour for Hong Kong. Pui Kiu Middle School authorities attaches great importance to this and hopes to find and sort out more relevant information for educating the next generation students so that the spirit of patriotism could be passed down from generation to generation. The Education Bureau (EB) makes much of relevant reports and hopes to turn them into material for national education. Veteran Pui Kui soldiers earnestly expect the Hong Kong youths of today could carry on the patriotic tradition of their predecessors and devote themselves to the Motherland's reconstruction endeavour, contributing their talents and skills to meet the demands of our country and realising their own self-worth in the due process.

  Pui Kui students returning home to fight in the war is just the tip of the iceberg of Hong Kong people's contribution to the Motherland. Hong Kong compatriots have never been absent in the process of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Connected by blood, Hong Kong compatriots always stand together with the Motherland through thick and thin . When Hong Kong was invaded and occupied by Japanese troops in 1941, the then British Hong Kong government surrendered under humiliation. But the Dongjiang Column led by the Communist Party of China (CPC) remained active in various places in Hong Kong and Kowloon, composing many heroic and moving stories.

  Similarly little known is that there once was a Ta Teh Institute in Hong Kong. It was set up in 1946 with Cai Tingkai, a patriot, lent his house named Fong Yuen in Tuen Mun as the schoolhouse. Due to the shaky and unstable political situation at that time, the CPC transferred groups of intellectuals from war-torn regions to comparatively peaceful Hong Kong.  These refugees were all prominent personages of the time including professors, writers, journalists and theoreticians. By the year of 1949, seeing that a New China was about to be founded, the then British Hong Kong Government turned from tolerance to suppression, giving an order to close down the Ta Teh Institute. Nowadays, a middle school is located in the place. Its teachers and students pass by the red-brick building every day, but may not know the fact that this building known as the "Red Mansion" once was an important talent-training place for the CPC, leaving behind it a lot of patriotic stories.

  When the SAR Government started to introduce in national education years ago, some schools complained that there was neither good teaching material nor substance, and hoped the EB could provide. In fact, Hong Kong lacks no such material and substance. The problem lies in that we pass by them without realising it, so much so that they have sunk into oblivion with time going by. Because of this the EB and relevant departments should act right away to do a good job on recording oral history and information collection while the persons concerned are still alive. Some architectures of historical values should also be renovated and conserved.    

  Paying homage to Lu Xun, Yu Dafu said: "Unfortunate is a nation without heroes. Beyond redemption is a nation which has heroes but does not know how to respect and cherish them."  Hong Kong's patriotic heroes emerge one after another, who are worthy of our respect and cherishment. In order to well narrate the China story, it is before anything else to well tell patriotic stories including those patriotic stories arising from the ordinary people around us. 

  17 September 2022

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